The Comenius programme was set up by the EU in 1995 as part of the Socrates initiative with the objective of supporting teacher training, establishing school partnerships across Europe and funding multilateral education projects on issues relating to language learning, intercultural education, environmental and science education.

Schools, teachers and pupils in Europe are confronted with a range of new challenges. Schools are asked to help young people acquiring the necessary competences for personal development, future employment and active citizenship. While this has always been their role, the competences that young people need for their future lives are changing. Foreign language skills and intercultural competences are becoming more and more important within Europe and its globalised economies. ICT skills have become another unquestionable key competence for all and their use in the classroom continues to develop accordingly. School populations reflect migration patterns, changed family situations and the very diverse needs of education and training.

Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci focuses on vocational education and training, other than at tertiary level. It addresses both the learning and teaching needs in the sector, and is therefore aimed at all parties involved, namely trainees in vocational education, teachers and trainers, institutions and educational bodies, enterprises, associations, social partners and bodies relating to either lifelong learning or the labour market.